Archive for the ‘Training Course’ Category

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ME08 Heat exchanger Rating and Design; Thermal and Mechanical

  • Principles of Heat Transfer
    • Conduction
    • Convection
    • Radiation
    • Forced Convection in Internal Flows
    • Forced Convection in External Flow
    • Forced Convection in Tube Banks
  • Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient and LMTD
  • Counter Flow and Parallel Flow Heat Exchangers
  • TEMA Correction Factors for LMTD
  • Fouling and Effects of Fouling on Heat exchangers
  • Summary of Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Correlations used in Heat Exchanger Design
  • Principles of Heat Exchanger Design
  • TEMA Types of Heat Exchangers
  • Thermal Design Methods
    • Kern Method
    • Bell-Delaware Method
    • Flow Stream Analysis Method
  • Estimating Shell Sizes
  • TEMA Recommended Design Practices
    • Shells
    • Tubes
    • Tubesheets
    • Heads
    • Tube Layouts
    • Baffle Arrangements
    • Tube-to-Tubesheet Joints
    • Tie Rods
    • Tubesheets and Baffle Holes Tolerances
    • Partition Plates
    • Tubes and Baffle Holes Clearances
  • Tube-to-Tubesheet Joints; Rolled or Welded?
  • Tube Rolling Practices
  • Practical Examples of Thermal Design Calculations
  • Technical data for Heat Exchanger Design
  • Mechanical Design of Shell-and-Tube Heat exchangers
    • Shells
    • Heads
    • U-bends
    • Tubesheets
  • Process Equipment Technology
    • Pass Partition Plates
    • Channel Covers
  • Rating of Heat Exchangers, Number of Transfer Unit (NTU) Method
  • Gaskets and Flange Designs for Heat Exchangers
  • Bolting for Flanges
  • Shell Saddle Support Design
  • Calculations for Natural Frequency of Heat Exchanger Tube Vibration

 

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ME27 ASME V III Div.1 Pressure Vessel Design and Construction

  • History of ASME Codes
  • Concepts of ASME Codes
  • Organization and pattern of the code
  • Design, Part D
    • Minimum thickness required
    • Design temperature
    • Design pressure
    • Loadings
    • Allowable stress values
    • Corrosion allowance
  • Types of joint and joint efficiency
  • Calculations of shell thickness under internal and external pressure conditions
  • Types of enclosures (heads)
  • Calculations of head thickness under internal and external pressure conditions
  • Subsection B, Part UW
  • Opening and opening reinforcements
  • Calculations of reinforcement required for vessel openings
  • Tolerances in vessel fabrication
  • Charpy impact test requirement and procedures
  • Inspection and Test
  • Process Equipment Technology
  • Hydrostatic test for pressure vessels
  • Pressure relief requirements for pressure vessels
  • Weld Joint design
  • Post weld heat treatment requirements
  • Material selection
  • Vessel fabrication
  • Welding processes
  • AWS standard designations for welding electrodes
  • Welding procedure specification (WPS)
  • Procedure qualification record (PQR)
  • Flanges and gaskets
  • Flange and bolt loading calculation
  • Gasket calculations

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ME31 ASME B31.1 Power Piping

  • Driving forces of ASME Codes
  • Applying the ASME Codes in Thailand
  • Overview of the Code
  • Scope of the Code
  • Definitions used in the Code
  • Design conditions
  • Design criteria
  • Thermal fatigue of piping system
  • Design critetia for piping having thermal fatigue loading
  • Sustained loads and occational loads
  • Longitudinal and tangential stresses in pipes
  • Required thickness of pipe bends
  • Pressure design
  • Standards of pipe
  • Mill tolerances of pipes
  • Design claculations for internal and external pressures
  • Branch connections for piping systems
  • Specifications and standards used in the Code
  • Reinforcements design for openings
  • Extruded outlets for piping system
  • Sallowable stresses for piping system
  • Safety valves
  • Pipe joints
  • Flexibility and stiffness of piping systems
  • Thermal stresses
  • How to increase flexibility in piping system
  • Uses of expansion joints in piping systems
  • Pipe supports
  • Spans for pipe supports
  • Design calculations of pipe support spans
  • Suggested pipe support spans
  • Variable spring hangers
  • Selection of variable spring hangers
  • Pipe support loading calculations
  • Pipe thermal deflection calculations
  • Shock suppressors for piping systems
  • Design of boiler external piping
  • Valves
  • Materials used in the Code
  • Fabricationof piping system
  • General welding requirements
    • Shield metal arc welding (SMAW)
    • Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW)
    • Gas metal arc welding (GMAW)
    • Flux core arc welding (FCAW)
    • Submerged arc welding (SAW)
  • Welding procedure specification (WPS)
  • Procedure qualification record (PQR)
  • Types of welding electrode
  • Welding of pipes
  • Preheating and post heating requirements
  • Types of flange face
  • Gaskets for piping system
  • ANSI/ASME B46.1 specifications for flange face finish
  • Design calculations for bolting torque required
  • Inspection, examination, and testing of piping system
  • Hydrostatic test
  • Pneumatic test
  • Service test
  • Calculation of thrust force at safety valve tailpipe

 

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ME19 Pressure Vessels; Design, Construction, Inspection, and Maintenance

Day 1

  • 9.00-12.00
    • • Types of Pressure Vessel
    • • History of Pressure Vessel Codes
    • • Basic Strength of Materials
    • • Thermal Stresses
    • • Stress in Thin-walled Cylinders
  • 13.00-17.00
    • • Dished Heads for Pressure Vessels
    • • Application of Thin-walled Cylinder to Pressure Vessel Design
    • • Scope of ASME VIII Div 1 Design Code
    • • Basis for establishing allowable stress values of ASME code
    • • Concept of ASME Design Code
    • • Causes of Vessel Failures

Day 2

  • 9.00-12.00
    • • Material Selection for Pressure Vessels
    • • Pressure vessels for Corrosion Services
      • Strip Lining
      • Cladded Vessels
      • Weld-overlaid Vessels
  • 13.00-17.00
    • • Pressure Vessels for Fatigue Services
    • • Pressure Vessels for Hydrogen Services
    • • Thick-walled Cylinders
    • • Stress in Thick-walled Vessels
    • • Dangers of Brittle Failure of Thick-walled Vessels

Day 3

  • 9.00-12.00
    • • Welding of Pressure Vessels
    • • AWS Standards of Welding Electrodes
    • • Safety Valves
    • • Pipes and Flanges for Pressure Vessels
    • • Gaskets for Pressure Vessels
  • 13.00-17.00
    • • Vessel Inspection
    • • Hydrostatic Test
    • • Pneumatic Test
    • • Risks of Mechanical Explosion in Pneumatic Testing

 

Process Equipment Technology

 

• Vessel Support Design

 

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ME43 Plate-and-Frame & Plate-Fins Heat Exchangers

  • Plate-and frame H/E configuration
  • Heat exchanger review
  • Fundamentals of heat exchanger
  • Fouling factors for heat exchangers
  • Fundamentals of Plate-and-frame heat exchangers
    • Arrangement and plate types
    • Comparison between shell-and-tube and plate-and-frame
    • Plate arrangement
    • Fouling factors
    • Structures of plate-and-frame H/E
    • Materials of plates and gaskets
    • Performance characteristics
    • Heat transfer and pressure drop calculations
  • API 662 requirements
    • Terms and definitions
    • Design data and information
    • Components
    • Materials and hydrostatic test
    • Annex (Recommended practices)
    • Pressure and leak testing
  • Plate-fins heat exchangers
    • Basic design and Configurations
    • Applications of plate-fins type H/E
  • API 662 requirements for Plate-fins type H/E
    • Terms and definitions
    • Proposal information required
    • Forces and moments on connections
    • Materials and fabrication
    • Tolerances requirements
    • Inspection and testing
    • Annex (recommended practices)

 

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ME 39 Practical Pipe Stress Analysis

3 days

  • Basic stress analysis
    • Tension
    • Biaxial stress system
    • General two-dimensional stress system
    • Deflection of beams
    • Stress in beam
    • Torsion
    • Relationship between moment of inertia and polar moment of inertia
    • Parallel axis theorem for moments of inertia
    • Radius of gyration
    • Strain energy
    • Impact loading
    • Deformation beyond the elastic limit
    • Shape factor of beam
    • Cyclic loading and shakedown stress
  • Thermal stress
  • Fatigue
  • Thermal stress fatigue
  • Code and Standards for piping and pipe data
  • Piping design data
  • Brief of B31 Piping Codes
    • B31.1 Power Piping
    • B31.3 Process Piping
    • B31.8 Gas Transmission Piping
  • Piping system design fundamentals
  • Pipe thermal deflection calculations
  • Pipe loading calculations
  • Pipe supports and selection of variable spring support
  • Fundamentals of flexibility analysis of piping system
  • Simplified methods for flexibility analysis
    • Thermal expansion
    • B31.1 requirements for flexibility analysis
    • Chart method
    • Guided cantilever method
    • Form of analysis
  • Elastic center method
    • Two and three-dimension system by square corner method
    • Two and three-dimension system by large radius elbow method
  • Use of expansion joints
  • Data of physical properties and weight of piping components

 

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ME44 API 653 Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction

  • Storage tank review
  • Organization of API 653
  • API 650 review
  • Section 1&3 : Scope and Definitions of API 653
  • Section 4: Suitability for Service
    • Tank roof evaluation
    • Change of service
    • Limit of design pressure
    • Tank shell evaluation
    • Tank bottom evaluation
    • Tank foundation evaluation
  • Section 5: Brittle Fracture Considerations
    • Basic consideration
    • Assessment procedure
  • Section 6: Inspection
    • Inspection frequency considerations
    • Inspection from outside of the tank
    • Internal inspection requirements
    • Inspection checklist
    • Records and reports of inspection
  • Section 7: Materials
  • Section 8: Design Considerations for Reconstructed Tanks
    • Shell design
    • Shell penetrations
    • Wind girders and shell stability
    • Roof design
    • Seismic design
  • Section 9: Tank Repair and Alterations
    • Removal and replacement of shell plate material
    • Minimum thickness of replacement shell plate
    • Minimum dimensions of replacement shell plate
    • Weld joint design
    • Shell plate repairs using lap-welded patch plates
    • Repair of defects in shell plate material
    • Alteration of tank shells to change shell height
    • Repair of shell penetrations
    • Alterations of existing shell penetrations
    • Repair of tank bottoms
    • Repair of fixed roofs
    • Repair of floating roofs
    • Repair of replacement of roof seals
    • Hot taps
  • Section 10: Dismantling and Reconstruction
    • Dismantling methods
    • Reconstruction
    • Dimensional tolerances
  • Section 11: Welding
    • Welding qualifications
    • Identification and records
  • Section 12: Examination and Testing
    • Non-destructive examination requirements
    • Radiography requirements
    • Hydrostatic testing requirements

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ME04 Centrifugal Pumps; Theory and Applications

• Classifications of Pumps

• Centrifugal Pump Theory

• Various Types of Centrifugal Pump

• Pump Performance Curves

• Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH)

• Pump Specific Speed (Ns)

• Pump Suction Specific Speed (Nss)

• Cavitation in pumps, how it happens and how to prevent it

• Recirculation in pump

• Modifications of pumps, Changes of impeller size, Changes of speed

• Pump Clearances

• System Head Curves of pumping systems

• Radial and Axial forces on pump impellers

• Pump handling Viscous Fluids

• How to specify Minimum Flow through pumps

• Pump Selections

• Pump Testing

• Pump operations, Parallel and Series Operations

• Starting centrifugal pumps

• Mechanical Seals for Pumps

  • Mechanical Seal Maintenance

• Centrifugal pump Construction and Materials

• Pump Vibration, Measurement and basic Diagnosis

• Bearings and Lubrication for pumps

• Piping Systems for pumps

• Pump Troubleshooting

  • Typical pump problems
  • Pump data required for Troubleshooting
  • Troubleshooting procedures

• Pump Part Inspection

  • Shaft
  • Casing
  • Impeller

• Pump shaft and Runout Inspection

• Impeller and Casing Wearing Ring Clearances

• Maintenance of Pumps

• Case studies

 

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ME42 AIR-Cooled Heat Exchangers

  • Basic heat transfer fundamentals
  • Heat exchanger review
  • Fouling factors for heat exchangers
  • Typical overall heat transfer coefficient for air-cooled H/E
  • Principles of enhanced heat transfer
  • Extended surface heat transfer analysis
  • Air-cooled heat exchanger parts
  • Types of fin
  • Balancing of fans
  • API 661 Requirements
  • Tube bundle design
  • Gaskets
  • Nozzles
  • Tubes
  • Air-side design
  • Materials and fabrication
  • Inspection and testing requirements
  • Annex A: Recommended practices
  • Tube rolling practice
  • Determining tube retirement thickness
  • Safety in testing

 

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ME33 ASME/ANSI B31.4 Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids

  • History of the piping Code
  • Overview of the Code
  • Definitions used in the Code
  • Principles of stress analysis
  • Standards of piping and components
  • Design methods of the Code
    • Design conditions and allowable stress values
    • Sustained and occasional loads
    • Pressure design
    • Intersections and branch connection designs
    • Use of miter bends
    • Gaskets and bolting calculations
    • Piping flexibility analysis
  • Materials and their limitations
  • Construction, welding, and assembly
    • Buried pipeline
    • Cover requirements for buried pipeline
    • Welding process
    • Welding Procedure Specification (PQS)
    • Welding Procedure Qualification Records (PQR)
    • Standards of welding electrodes
    • Code requirements on welding of pipes
    • Hot tapping principles
  • Inspection and testing
  • Operation and maintenance procedures
  • Corrosion control of pipelines
  • Pipeline pigging
  • Pipeline risks

 

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